Competency Modeling

Competence is a standardized requirement for an individual to properly perform a specific job. It encompasses a combination of knowledge, skiils, and behavior utilized to improve performance.
What is Competency Modeling
A competency model refers to a group of competencies required in a particular job and usually number 7 to 9 in total. The number and type of competencies in a model will depend upon the nature and complexity of work along with the culture and values of the organization in which the work takes place.

Two types of competencies in Competency Model

In business practices, the term competency often refers to two related but separate concepts, general competency and specific competency.

  • General competency sometimes called organizational competency, which transcends any particular product or service, and indeed may transcend any single business unit within the organization.
  • Specific competency is also called workplace competency, which focuses on individuals and varies by job position. It addresses the position competencies required to perform daily, tactical work tasks.

What can organizations benefit from Competency Model

Competency-based concepts apply to the full range of HR functions. Integrating competency concepts into HR process can not only deliver some immediate benefits, but the real payoff is long-term systematic HR management and development aligned with organizational strategy.

Generic process of developing Competence Model

  • Macro approach of Competence Model development

  • Micro approach of Competence Model development

    • Systematic interview

    • Qualitative analysis

      • Deductive content analysis

      • Inductive content analysis

    • Workshop approach

      • Guided group discussion and reflection

Application of Competence Model in multiple HR functions